Application of Geographic Information Systems
Today’s world has a lot of new inventions. One of these inventions is the Geographic Information System or GIS. Geographic wise, this system compiles huge amounts of data. Before displaying the info for us, the GIS gathers the data, analyses it, does the sorting, interpretation and then distributes it before the last step. This display is in digital form. GIS covers all trains, elevations and any other geographical features. In real sense, the usefulness of this data cannot be quantified.
There are so many applications of GIS. The most obvious one is the generation of real-time maps. Many people know this use only even through there are other numerous applications. On the other hand, maps have numerous applications as well. They help in planning, construction, land allocation, search, and so much more. Mapping is of different types including aerial imagery.
In scientific investigations, GIS is still applicable. Before any activities are done on land like exploration and excavation, the geographical info of the layout need to be determined first. Such activities include mining, environmental assessment on the different activities done in the area, agriculture, urban planning, oil and gas exploration, forestry and so on.
Land planning is also another area where the information from the system is useful. All kinds of land reclamation, survey and construction are just some of the things involved in the broad are of land planning. The engineers on the ground must first study this info before anything can commence. Thus, the GIS must be applied.
Any changes present on the surface of the earth are easily detected via the thermal imaging of the GIS. This way, it is helpful in the detection and mapping of earthquakes. Any sort of tectonic shift that is significant enough can be detected as well. This way, settlements can be warned of impending danger. Via the thermal imaging, if any fissures open near volcanic mountains, the necessary measures can be taken.
Climate study is possible via GIS. Shifts in winds, temperature and other weather patterns affect the surrounding area tremendously. All this data is gathered by the system to predict any climate change. For instance, the melting of ice in the Arctic has been studied for a long time via GIS.
When security comes into play, GIS is still applicable. The first thing to be secured is the environment. Any construction or project undertaken is placed in a place where it causes the least impact to the environment. GIS is very much applicable in detecting and tracking natural disasters. Forest fires, tsunamis, earthquakes, volcano eruptions and the likes can be detected before they happen. Response teams will be on the standby because of this info.